1. MEMORIAL MAUSOLEUM OF LATE CHAIRMAN OF VIETNAM’S UNION COUNCIL PHAM HUNG
The construction of Memorial mausoleum of late Chairman of Vietnam’s Union Council Pham Hung was started on 02 October 2000 and its inauguration was carried out on 11 Hune 2004 which was also the 92th birthday of Mr. Pham Hung. Memorial mausoleum is located at Long Thuan A hamlet, Long Phuoc commune, Long Ho district.
Mr. Pham Hung was born and brought up in a intermediate agricultural family with great educational tradition. His childhood was included in such a severe historical background with unfairness and hardship of citizens in a colony. He studied in Internate – Primaire primary school (Vinh Long) and Collège De My Tho high school (My Tho), etc; schools weer also the places which witnessed the first revolutionary activitities of Pham Van Thien’s youth including participation in revolutionary organizations in the first years of twentieth century such as Association of Students in the South, Youth Communist Union, etc. He was accepted into Indochinese Communist Party in 1930, and was once his school’s Party Secretary with main actitivities on communal, district-based and provincial levels in My Tho. After his participation in the demonstration and sentence the cruel village leader Dang Van Trau in Tam Hiep commune – Chau Thanh district – My Tho province on the event of International Labour Day 1 May 1931; Mr. Pham Hung was captured and escorted through many prisons from My Tho to Sai Gon death-sentence cell “Indochinese Communist Party case” with two death sentences. After that, thanks to domestic movements of fighting for democracy and opposition of citizens in developed countries, he received a less severe life-sentence and penal servitude in Con Dao island, etc. After 11 years living in the “earth hell” with a great number of touching stories about the noble prisoner with the alias “Mr. Hai Hung”, on 23 August 1945, after the great victory of August Revolution, he was welcomed back to mainland by our Communist Party and Government in order to continue his famous communist career in two revolutions against France and the US with the very key roles such as the Secretary of the South’s provisional Party, Director of the South’s Public Security, Secretary of Southern Central Authority, Politic Commissioner of Steering Committee of Ho Chi Minh campaign, etc. He devoted great efforts to the victory of the South’s liberation and the country’s unification. In the first stages after years of healing wounds from wars, improvement of the South’s society, and construction of the North to the first years of renovating our country, he took charge of key roles from the North to the South such as Vice-Chairman of Vietnam’s Union Council, Minister of Ministry of Home Affairs, Chairman of Socialist Republic of Vietnam’s Union Council, etc. Mr. Pham Hung did devote full commitment and best efforts for Vietnam country and Vietnamese citizens until the end of his life.
Memorial mausoleum of Mr. Pham Hung – front gate
Memorial mausoleum of Mr. Pham Hung – inside ground
On 9 March 1988, Mr. Pham Hung passed away while working in Ho Chi Minh city.
Mr. Pham Hung’s life and spirit has been and will always be remembered and worshipped by the whole country and the offsprings. As General Secretary Nguyen Van Linh stated in the solemn memorial ceremony in Mr. Pham Hung’s funeral “Mr. Pham Hung’s contributions to Vietnam are highly considerable. His pro-active and populous life is a good example for every single communist and each Vietnamese. Though he passed away, his image and spirit will forever live on in our hearts…”.
In order to show great gratitude to an excellent son of our nation, Vinh Long provincial Communist Party and People’s Committee devoted to the construction of Memorial Masoluem of late Chairman of Vietnam’s Union Council Pham Hung – which is considered as a construction of hearts to offer traditional education for the current and future generations.
Memorial Masoluem of late Chairman of Vietnam’s Union Council Pham Hung has the total area of 3.2 ha which includes the following main parts:
- Receptionist House : 300m2 area which is the place to greet guests and tourists coming here. Memorial House: 1,050m2
- the place to thurify late Chairman of Vietnam’s Union Council Pham Hung.
- Exhibition House : 670m2 – exhibition of images, documents, and items in topics “family background and career of late Chairman of Vietnam’s Union Council Pham Hung.
Additionally, there are also three outdoor constructions which are re-illustrated on the 1/1 rate including close confinement cell of Mr. Pham Hung in Con Dao island from 1934 to 1945, his working house in the base of Southern Central Authority (Tay Ninh province) from 1967 to 30 April 1975, ad his working room in the house at 72 Phan Dinh Phung Str, Hanoi from 1958 to 1967 and from 1978 to 1988.
With combination of impressive factors such as a wide area, balanced general arrangement, a simple but sacred art structure, and the harmony with natural background, Memorial Masoluem of late Chairman of Vietnam’s Union Council Pham Hung deserves to be considered as a cultural and historic construction with the standard “Nice appearance and deep content…” as stated by Ms. Truong My Hoa – Vice-President of Socialist Republic of Vietnam in her visit to Vinh Long on 27 July 2004.
2. THANH MOI ARCHEOLOGICAL SITE
Visnu God statue
Thanh Moi archeological site expands on the area of Ruot Ngua and Binh Phung hamlets, Trung Hiep commune; and Binh Thanh hamlet, Trung Hieu commune, Vung Liem district. Thanh Moi site was discovered in the beginning of twentieth century by French archeologists. Mr. Louis Malleret – a French archeologist visited Thanh Moi and brought back to Sai Gon many precious antiquities including Buddha and Visnu God stone statues in 1944.
After a long time, since discovering activities were interrupted, Thanh Moi site was seriously digged and stirred. To the 90s of the twentieth century, domestic and international scientists started to pay more attention to Thanh Moi.
In two years 1998-1999, Vietnam Institute of Archeology collaborated with Vinh Long museum in the exhumation of Thanh Moi site. After two exhuming turns, the scientists discovered thousands of precious antiquities in many materials such as brick, ceramic, stone, metals, etc from the land. After being assessed bu C14 radiant method, Thanh Moi antiquities were determined to have the age from the first to the sixth A.D century. Especially, this was the first time archeologists found an antiquity with the wholeness of cultural levels at the habitant site called Ruot Ngua channel.
The archeologists affirmed that Thanh Moi site may open a new direction for the research on Óc Eo culture in Mekong delta.
3. CAI NGANG REVOLUTIONARY HISTORIC SITE
In the two revolutions against French colonist and American imperialism, Vinh Long became one of the most severe arenas in Mekong delta. Due to Vinh Long’s key location, the enemies always put their strength concentration in order to control this area. In our side, Vinh Long’s army and citizens under the leading role of Communist Party always resistently maintained and fought for each meter of homeland. Since Vinh Long’s terrain is quite empty with no forrest, no mountain and an intertwined system of channels and rivers, the resistance of land is a life-and-death issue to the province’s revolution.
In such historical background, Vinh Long provincial Communist Party – the headquarter of provincial resistance war – still remained our existence in order to fulfill the mission assigned by history. Getting over a great number of challenges and hardship, Vinh Long provincial Communist Party remained to lead all the provincial revolutions to victory. This success was based on the intimate relationship between Vinh Long provincial Communist Party and the citizens. Vinh Long provincial Communist Party completely relied on the citizens, encouraged the amazing strength and endless creativity of our citizens in order to win the enemies.
In the period of resistance war against the US, Vinh Long provincial Communist Party continuosly moved to almost all over the place of Vinh Long. From 1954 to 1966, Vinh Long provincial Communist Party moved across over 29 locations.
In 1966, Vinh Long provincial Communist Party decided to choose Cai Ngang to be the headquarters of the war. In 1967, the Party completely moved to Cai Ngang revolutionary location in hamlet 4, My Loc commune, which is currently hamlet 4, Phu Loc commune, Tam Binh district.
Visit Relic revolutionary Cai Ngang
Cai Ngang revolutionary historic site which is a multi-commune land in Tam Binh district was the headquarters of Vinh Long provincial Communist Party in many periods. In here, Vinh Long citizens under the leading role of Vinh Long Party fought in solidarity with the mind and heart solely for the revolutionary career. Though they had to face with dangerous enemies who outnumbered us by a great amount, advanced us by modern war facilities, and threatened us by insidious schemes; our army and citizens did fight in unyielding spirit and grow strongly.
Vinh Long provincial Communist Party’s office was only a working house and a cooking place. The construction was low under the tree in order to hide from enemies’ aircrafts. There were many hiding tunnels around the working place to hide from bombs and firecrackers. The system of secretive tunnels was conderately and sufficiently prepared by the Board of site in order to serve the Committee of provincial Party in meetings.
There were 13 members of Vinh Long provincial Communist Party, and Mr. Nguyen Ky Uc is the Secretary. The standing specialize departments in the site as follow:
- Board of site
- Defense team
- Office of provincial Party
- Secretive and essential wireless telephone transmitter and receiver
- Semi-public information transfering
It was right at this revolutionary historic site, through the stages of resistance wars, Vinh Long provincial Communist Party came up with policies and resolutions to lead the whole army and citizens to fight and to win.
In those directives and resolutions, especially the directive of 1968 Tet Offensive and the historic Ho Chi Minh campaign.
The preservation and promotion of the spiritual values of Cai Ngang revolutionary historic site have been an essential need of Vinh Long provincial Party and citizens. Therefore,provincial Party’s idea of recovering Cai Ngang revolutionary historic site received great support and unification from the departments, unions, and citizens in all over Vinh Long.
On 1 August 2001, Vinh Long People’s Committee signed the Decision No.2176/QD.UB about approving the investment and construction project of restoration and regeneration of Cai Ngang revolutionary historic site in Vinh Long province”
Cai Ngang revolutionary historic site has the area of 5 ha and is divided into two parts including rice fields and tree gardens. The whole site is also divided into two parts namely restructure and restoration part and the part of new construction.
The restructure and restoration part:
+ Fire field
+ The brige with sharpened bamboo spikes
+ Secutiry knot
+ The standing house in 1967
+ The standing house in 1973
+ Bomb shelters system
+ Information house
+ System of fighting forts
+ House of defense team
+ Secretive tunnels system
+ Bomb holes chain.
New constructions :
+ Parking lot
+ Receptionist house
+ Traditional house
+ Road to the site
+ Service house.
Visit Relic revolutionary Cai Ngang
In the context of current integration, in the spirit of multilateralization and diversification, the need of restoring Cai Ngang revolutionary historic site has been more and more urgent. After this restoration and regeneration construction completed and put into service, this is a greta tourism attraction for provincial citizens, people from other provinces, and foreign tourists as well.
Cai Ngang revolutionary historic site is a strength source from an epic historic period with a great encouragement for the Party, the army and Vinh Long citizens along with the country remain our solid steps on te road of building and protecting Vinh Long to become more beautiful, sustainable, and wealthier.
On 9 August 2003, Cai Ngang revolutionary historic site’s solemn inauguration was carried out by provincial Party and Vinh Long People’s Committee, and the site was also put into service since that day. The operation of this site is currently under the supervisor of Board of Management of historic relics who always assign great interpretation agents in order to serve tourists.